Iran at a glance

Iran History

Iranian history represents a rich blend of legend, mythology, recorded fact and living tradition. Several civilizations have risen in various parts of the country at different times, each leaving its own impression on the subsequent development of Iranian history.

Iran Geography

Iran is a huge country of 1,648,000 square Kilometers with varying ecosystems. From the tropical Caspian shore with its rice and tea plantations, to the oilfields and sugar cane fields of Khuzestan; from the orchards and wheat fields of the province of Azerbaijan, to the deserts of Kavir and Lut with their oasis towns; from the central arid plateau, to the snowcapped Zagros and Alburz mountains – Iran is a land of extraordinary contrasts. The mountains are cold in the winter, the deserts hot in the summer, yet in spring and autumn there is no more beautiful a place on earth. Carpets of wild flowers are everywhere; little villages extend a shy welcome. This truly is God’s own land.

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Iran Art

Persian art or Iranian art has one of the richest art heritages in world history and encompasses many disciplines including architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stonemasonry. There is also a very vibrant Iranian modern and contemporary art scene.

Iran Architecture

Iranian architecture or Persian architecture is the architecture of Greater Iran that has a continuous history from at least 5000 BCE to the present, with characteristic examples distributed over a vast area from Syria to North India and the borders of China, from the Caucasus to Zanzibar. Persian buildings vary from peasant huts to tea houses, and garden pavilions to "some of the most majestic structures the world has ever seen".

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Iran Handicraft

Iran has several handicrafts which have deep root in it’s culture. The most important handicrafts which can be found in different parts of Iran are: carpet and kilim, engraving and inlaid, tapestry, miniature, ceramic and pottery, semi-precious stones (jewlry), manuscripts and saffron.

Iran Food

Iranian cuisine includes a wide variety of foods ranging from Chelo Kaba (rice served with roasted meat:  Barg, Koobideh, Joojeh, Shishleek, Soltani, Chenjeh), Khoresh (stew that is served with white Iranian rice: Ghormehsabzi, Gheimeh, Fesenjan and others), Ash, Kuku, Polo (white rice alone or with addition of meat and/or vegetables and herbs, including Loobia polo, Albaloo polo Sabzi polo, Zereshk poo, Baghali polo and others), and a diverse variety of salads, pastries, and drinks specific to different parts of Iran. The list of Persian recipes, appetizers and desserts are extensive.

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Iran Culture

There are a wide variety of different cultural activities going on in Iran and particularly in the Capital, Tehran, almost every day. The more costly parts of these activities are sponsored and financed by the government while the private sector's contribution to cultural activities are also remarkable. For instance, the government owns most of the theater halls while music tapes, magazines and books are mostly produced by private sector.

Iran Weather

Iran has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. The climate is influenced by Iran's location between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian desert areas and the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean area.


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